There are a variety of remeies to help reduce, or minimize, the effect of motion sickness. These include medications, natural (or home) remedies, motion sickness bands and more. Some common tips include:
- While in a car, sit in the front seat and watch distant scenery
- On a boat or ship, go on deck and watch the motion of the horizon
- In an airplane, sit in a window seat and look outside, and sit over the wings of the airplane where the motion is less
- Good ventilation is important, fresh, cool air should be available
Limit head movements
- Avoid alcohol or smoking
- Do not expose yourself to spicy or greasy foods, or to strong odors before and during your travel.
- Take a motion sickness medication before you travel, as recommended by your doctor.
Symptoms of motion sickness usually start with a feeling of dizziness, fatigue, increased salivation, a feeling of body warmth, sweating, pallor, drowsiness, headache, apathy, depression, and general discomfort, usually progressing to nausea and vomiting. Women who are pregnant, taking oral contraceptives, and menstruating are more susceptible to motion sickness. Anxiety, fear and other psychological factors can contribute to motion sickness as well.
Medications to treat motion sickness usually target central neurotransmitters, because increased levels of dopamine stimulate the medulla oblangata's chemoreceptor trigger zone, stimulating the vomiting center within the brain stem. There are three classes of commonly used motion sickness medications. These are antidopaminergics, anticholinergics, and antihistamines. Symppathomimetic agents are frequently added to counter the drowsiness frequently experienced with these drugs.
The antidopaminergic currently approved for motion sickness that is the most effective is promethazine hydrochloride (brand names: Anergan and Phenergan). This is a phenothiazine derivative with antihistamine, anticholinergic, and sedative effects. Available in syrup, tablet, injection, and suppositories, it has a duration of 4 to 6 hours. If stomach problems is the primary system, metoclopramide hydrochloride is also used. Promethazine should not be used in children less than 2 years of age, and should not be used with any MAO inhibitor class of anti-depressants. It also should not be taken with some antihistamines, such as carbinoxamine (Rondec), clemastine (Tavist), dephenhydramine (Benadryl), some phenothiazines, such as thioridazine (Mellaril), triflupromazine (Stelazine), some tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline (Elavil), amoxapine (Asendin), clomipramine (Anafranil), protriptyline (Vivactil), clozapine (Clozaril), cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), and disopyramide (Norpace). Don't combine central nervous system depressants, such as ethanol, barbiturates, anti-anxiety medications, sedatives, other phenothiazines, and narcotic pain medications, because excessive sedation may occur. Do not combine with medicines such as antipsychotics, like metoclopramide (Reglan), and amoxapine (Asendin). Not recommended for breast feeding mothers, and a doctor should advise whether to use while pregnant. Side effects include sedation, dizziness and tiredness, among others. Tell your doctor about any medications you are taking, medical history, and any medical conditions you may have.
The most popular anticholinergic agent used for motion sickness is antimuscarinic scopolamine hydrobromide (brand name, Transderm-Scop), or hyoscine, used in a patch containing 1.5 mg of scopolamine, mineral oil, and polyisobutylene. Used for 3 days, this prevents motion-induced nausea by inhibiting vestibular input to the central nervous system, inhibiting the vomiting reflex. Side effects can include blurred vision from dilated pupils, and dry mucous membranes, among others. Those with liver, kidney, urinary bladder, or intestinal problems should not take this medication, and glaucoma patients should be cautious and discontinue if pain occurs. Speak with your doctor about any medical conditions you may have, history, and other medications that you take.
Many antihistamines are used to treat motion sickness, but their anticholinergic properties are more useful for motion sickness rather than their antihistamine properties. They do cause drowsiness, which can be amplified by alcohol and other sedatives. Meclizine hydrochloride (brand names: Bonine, Antivert, and Dramamine) is one commonly used antihistamine for motion sickness. Meclizine hydrochloride is a histamine-receptor blocker that blocks the muscarinic receptors in the central nervous system. It should not be used with patients that have respiratory difficulties, such as emphysema, and chronic bronchitis, glaucoma, or an enlarged prostate. Caution should be exercised for patients taking diphenhydramine hydrachloride that have a history of bronchial asthma, increased intraocular pressure, hypothyroidism, cardiovascular disease, or hypertension. Side effects can include sedation, dizziness, dry mouth, thickened bronchial secretions, and rarely, blurred vision. These motion sickness remedies, Meclizine and Promethazine, can be bought on-line at a discount price.
The most popular alternative remedy is ginger root (Zingiber officinale), but few studies and trails have proven its effectiveness. There is also the Q-Ray bracelet which restores the body to its normal electrical balance while reducing pain and increasing energy!
For some home remedies for minimizing the effects of Motion Sickness, CLICK HERE: